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Full-stack Development: Insights, objectives, and vision for the future



Table of content

  • What is full stack development?

  • What are the front-end technologies?

  • Introduction to the front-end technologies

  • What are the leading front-end frameworks and libraries?

  • What are backend technologies?

  • What are the most popular stacks used by leading enterprises?

  • What are the upcoming applications in full-stack development?

  • The Conclusion



What is full stack development?


Web applications have three fundamental components: front end, back end, and database. In this way, web portals, web applications, and mobile applications are created. The term 'full-stack development is used to describe a web developer who can also build full-function websites and web applications. Front end, backend, database, and website debugging are all part of their job description





What do you mean by front end?

The user experience of a website or online application depends on what users can see. The front end of the web application or website is directly used by the user


Introduction to the front-end technologies

The languages listed below are used to build the front end for any web or mobile application

  • HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language is what HTML stands for. It is used to create web pages' front ends using a markup language. The acronym HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. The definition of a hypertext link between two web pages. The text documentation contained within tags, which define the structure of web pages, is defined using the markup language

  • CSS: Cascading Style Sheets, sometimes known as CSS, is a straightforwardly written language that makes it easier to present web pages. Applying styles to web pages is possible with CSS. More crucially, CSS makes it possible for you to do this without relying on the HTML that each web page is composed of

  • JavaScript: A well-known scripting language, JavaScript works its magic on websites to make them interactive for users. It is utilized to improve a website's functioning and operations

What are the leading front-end frameworks and libraries?

  • AngularJS: An open-source front-end framework that is used to develop single-page web apps (SPAs). It is a framework that constantly evolves and expands in order to provide better methodologies for creating internet apps. It is converted to dynamic HTML, which is then used to generate HTML. It is an open-source project that anyone may utilise and modify. Data is connected with HTML and Directives add HTML attributes

  • React.js: An open-source declarative, effective, and flexible JavaScript library. It is primarily used to generate user interfaces, although ReactJS is an open-source front-end library that is solely responsible for the view layer

  • Bootstrap: A free and open-source toolkit for building responsive websites and web applications, Bootstrap is widely used to create responsive, mobile-first websites. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are used to create these websites

  • jQuery: It is easier to program JavaScript for cross-browser use and document interaction with the Document Object Model (DOM) using jQuery, an open-source JavaScript library. jQuery makes it simpler for JavaScript to interact with HTML/CSS documents, particularly the Document Object Model (DOM)

  • SASS: The most dependable, developed, and robust CSS extension language is SASS. It is used to easily add everything from variables, inheritance, and nesting to an existing CSS style sheet on a website

  • Notable others: Few other libraries worth a mention are Semantic-UI, Foundation, Materialize, Backbone.js, Express.js, and Ember.js

What are backend technologies?

Server-side web application or website development is primarily concerned with the functionality of the website rather than the technical aspects. It is in charge of controlling the database via client-side commands and APIs via queries. The following list of libraries, frameworks, and languages are used to build the backend of any web or mobile application:

  • PHP: PHP is a scripting language used on servers that were created primarily for creating websites. PHP is referred to as a server-side scripting language since it runs on the server

  • C++: It is a general-purpose programming language that is frequently used today for programming competitions. Additionally, backend languages employ it.

  • Java: One of the most well-known and frequently used platforms and computer languages is Java. It can scale up very well. Components for Java are widely accessible

  • Python: Python is a programming language that enables quick work and more effective system integration

  • JavaScript: Javascript is a programming language that may be used for both front-end and back-end development

  • NodeJs: JavaScript code can be run outside of a browser using Node.js, an open-source and cross-platform runtime environment. For creating back-end services like APIs for web apps or mobile apps, we frequently employ Node.js. Large corporations like Paypal, Uber, Netflix, Walmart, and others use it during production

  • Back-end frameworks: These include Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, and Spring, among others

What are the most popular stacks used by leading enterprises?

  • MEAN Stack: MongoDB, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js.

  • MEAN Stack: MongoDB, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js.

  • MERN Stack: MongoDB, Express, ReactJS, and Node.js

  • Django Stack: Django, python, and MySQL as Database.

  • Rails or Ruby on Rails: Uses Ruby, PHP, and MySQL.

  • LAMP Stack: Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP.


What are the upcoming applications in full-stack development?


Full-stack developers are always looking for ways to make their tech stacks better. Here are a handful of the cutting-edge tools and platforms that will define how full-stack development would happen in the future.


  • Full stack and No-code Development

Non-technical developers utilize no-code development for faster development of applications and services. Basic application development can be delegated to non-technical or junior jobs thanks to these low-code and no-code solutions. Full-stack developers can concentrate on fixes and trickier coding improvements in the interim. It's also noteworthy that no-code/low-code tools themselves might be considered full-stack solutions, which may have an impact on the employment of full-stack engineers in the future. Popular low-code and no-code platforms include Appian, Mendix, Quickbase, Zoho Creator, and Nintex.


  • Full stack and Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Having a single developer who comprehends how all these various components go together will be crucial when artificial intelligence adds new advancements to

the technology stack. Full-stack developers are essential to the continuous development of artificial intelligence because of their comprehensive technological competence.


Figure: AI Industry defined - future growth potential of full-stack technologies (image source: CBInsights)


  • Full stack and Blockchain

Although blockchain is decentralized and has unmatched security, it does have some drawbacks, such as scalability. Nevertheless, many businesses are becoming more and more interested in the encryption and transparency that Blockchain technology provides. Blockchain streamlines difficult financial and banking activities, particularly for the financial industry. Businesses will require full-stack engineers to switch their operations to the blockchain as they become more aware of the advantages.


Figure: Blockchain industry defined - future growth potential of full-stack technologies (image source: CBInsights)


  • Full stack and Machine Learning

Machine learning (ML) is a branch of artificial intelligence that focuses on creating computer programs that can learn and adapt without being given explicit instructions. A never-ending stream of data from all levels of the tech stack is essential for machine learning to succeed. Full-stack developers can assist data engineers and scientists in satisfying their insatiable desire for new data by using their broad perspective of the tech stack.



Figure: Machine Learning industry defined - future growth potential of full-stack technologies (image source: CBInsights)


  • Full stack and Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things (IoT) development trend is all about tying physical devices to the internet, from smart home sensors to self-driving cars. Nowadays, almost every device is connected to the internet, and making our daily life easier is always in style.


While experts from a wide range of fields are needed for IoT development, full-stack developers are especially valuable for their capacity to create and integrate a variety of systems. Understanding how to integrate devices, what data can be obtained from devices, how to make the data usable, and how this information could benefit users are challenges faced by full-stack engineers.



Figure: IoT industry defined - future growth potential of full-stack technologies (image source: CBInsights)


  • Full stack and Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)

PWAs can be conceptualized as web-based applications that behave and have the same user experience as mobile apps created for iOS or Android. PWAs are dependable and perform like native apps, yet they can access everyone, everywhere, and on any device by using a single codebase. Due to these advantages, full-stack developers can be counted on to provide PWAs as a practical solution for any company they work with.


Figure: The idea behind Progressive web apps (image source: CygnisMedia.com)


  • Full stack and Virtual Reality - Augmented Reality (VR-AR)

Mixed reality, which combines augmented reality (AR) with virtual reality (VR), is a development to keep an eye on because it is here to stay and developing swiftly. More firms will start utilizing AR and VR to compete with larger businesses now that Apple's ARKit, Google's ARCore, and Meta have been released. Numerous individuals are already utilizing these cutting-edge mixed reality technologies to transform long-distance and remote training, education, healthcare, and even gaming. By creating software at every level of the stack, from the user interface all the way down to systems software, full-stack developers will be essential to the advancement of this technology.



Figure: VR-AR industry defined - future growth potential of full-stack technologies (image source: 199it.com)


The Conclusion

The unique capacity to create both the visual and server environments that characterize the internet as we know it belongs to full-stack developers. Developers who work across the full stack are knowledgeable about both the back-end architectures and databases as well as the front-end design and interactivity.


Full-stack developers are able to work at various stages of the website development process because they are proficient in both environments. They are the ultimate generalists by definition, able to autonomously develop minimal viable products and combine several technologies.

Full-stack developers have a wide range of options for developing, delivering, and supporting software at every level of the tech stack. Full-stack development is multidisciplinary, therefore its innovations sit at the intersection of front-end and back-end development, and of course, the innate potential of this profession stream is beyond comprehension.


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